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Making its markThe first, and one of the most successful, was the University ot Sussex in Brighton (begun 1952) by Sir Basil Spence, which institutionalized Lc Corbusier’s Maisons Jaoul; York University was built by Sir Robert Matthew (who had headed the LCC office at the height of its activity) and S. Johnson-Marshall, using a modified version of the CLASP prefabneatioh system; the University of East Anglia at Norwich (1962-8) was planned by Lasdun as a continuous spatial structure. At this time the first public authority mega-structure was conceived by Geoffrey Copcutt as part of Cumbernauld New Town near Glasgow, a concrete shopping and civic centre begun in i960. An analogous housing scheme in London was the Brunswick Centre in Bloomsbury (1962-8) by Patrick Hodgkinson (with Sir Leslie Martin). In the late 1950s and ’60s there developed a local brand of science-fiction fantasy projects associated with the Archigram group, most notably their scheme for a Plug-in City (1964-6). Although the group had little direct influence on architecture, its indirect impact was considerable: Richard Rogers (with Rcnzo Piano) monumentalized the High-Tech manner popularized by Archigram in the design of the Centre Pompidou in Pans (1971-7). The intense commercial building activity being undertaken in city centres had produced no architecture of great distinction, but did, in the mid-1970s, produce a government-sponsored movement for urban renewal. The principal innovations are still to be seen in the field of academic buildings: the Leicester University Engineering Building (1959-63) by Stirling and Gowan became perhaps the most-publicized new British building. University buildings by Stirling included those in Oxford (at Queen’s College, 1966-71) and Cambridge (History Faculty Building, 1964-7), as well as in Scotland at St Andrews (student housing, 1964-8). Among his other works are a large housing development in Runcorn New Town (1967-74), as well as the extension of the Tate Gallery 111 London.

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