Roofing films

Making its markThe first, and one of the most successful, was the University ot Sussex in Brighton (begun 1952) by Sir Basil Spence, which institutionalized Lc Corbusier’s Maisons Jaoul; York University was built by Sir Robert Matthew (who had headed the LCC office at the height of its activity) and S. Johnson-Marshall, using a modified version of the CLASP prefabneatioh system; the University of East Anglia at Norwich (1962-8) was planned by Lasdun as a continuous spatial structure. At this time the first public authority mega-structure was conceived by Geoffrey Copcutt as part of Cumbernauld New Town near Glasgow, a concrete shopping and civic centre begun in i960. An analogous housing scheme in London was the Brunswick Centre in Bloomsbury (1962-8) by Patrick Hodgkinson (with Sir Leslie Martin). In the late 1950s and ’60s there developed a local brand of science-fiction fantasy projects associated with the Archigram group, most notably their scheme for a Plug-in City (1964-6). Although the group had little direct influence on architecture, its indirect impact was considerable: Richard Rogers (with Rcnzo Piano) monumentalized the High-Tech manner popularized by Archigram in the design of the Centre Pompidou in Pans (1971-7). The intense commercial building activity being undertaken in city centres had produced no architecture of great distinction, but did, in the mid-1970s, produce a government-sponsored movement for urban renewal. The principal innovations are still to be seen in the field of academic buildings: the Leicester University Engineering Building (1959-63) by Stirling and Gowan became perhaps the most-publicized new British building. University buildings by Stirling included those in Oxford (at Queen’s College, 1966-71) and Cambridge (History Faculty Building, 1964-7), as well as in Scotland at St Andrews (student housing, 1964-8). Among his other works are a large housing development in Runcorn New Town (1967-74), as well as the extension of the Tate Gallery 111 London.

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