Roofing films

Milanese architectsGuimard, Hector, b. Paris 1867, d. New York 1942. Studied in Paris at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He was influenced by Horta, the most brilliant and important architect of Art Nouveau. Among his principal works are the still eclecti-cally composed Castel Beranger in Paris (1897-8), the entrances to the Paris Metro stations (1899-1900), virtuoso pieces of organic design evocative of forms in nature, as well as the Humbcrt-de-Romans building in Paris (1902), a large auditorium of iron construction. G.’s originality lay principally in ornamental design. He transformed railings, balustrades, furniture, and even the structural elements of his buildings into charged images of highly individual associ-ational richness and refinement. Gwathmey, Charles, b. Charlotte, N. C. 1938. Studied at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (under Kahn and Venturi) and at Yale University (under Rudolph, Stirling and Woods). He was Professor of Design at the Pratt Institute, New York, 1964-6. Subsequently, he taught at Yale, Princeton, and Harvard Universities and at the University of California in Los Angeles.

In 1966 he opened, together with Richard Henderson, his own practice in New York, which he has continued since 1971 in partnership with Robert Siegel, who hadjoined the firm in the previous year. G. belonged, along with Eisenman, Graves, Hcjduk and Meier, to the New York Five, who were much discussed in the mid-1970s for their formal, indeed overtly radical, return to early modernism, especially Le Corbusier’s work of the early 1920s. In addition to numerous interiors, G. has for the most part designed private houses, such as his own house at Amagansett. N. Y. (1965-7), the Steel and Orly Houses in Bridgehampton, N. Y. (1969-71; with Siegel), as well as the Cogan House in East Hampton, N. Y. (1971-2; with Siegel). Of the large-scale projects of recent years, the East Campus Complex of Columbia University in New York (1981; with Emery Roth & Sons) is especially to be noted.

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