Roofing films

Modern architectureAmong the group’s best-known achievements are: Balloon for Two, Vienna (1967); the shell around the Haus Lange Museum, Kreteld (1971); and the Oasis Number 5 at ‘Documenta 5’ in Kassel (1972). In addition, a considerablenumber of ‘paper projects’ have been undertaken. These include: the Pneumacosm (1967), an expansion proposal for New York using pneumatic cells; and the Big Piano (1972), composed of a resounding artificial cloud with a gigantic ladder leading up into it. HavHock, Josef, b. Prague 1899, d. Prague 1961. Studied at the Technical University and the Fine Arts Academy in Prague (1916-26). Influenced by the cubic architecture of Josef Hoffmann, he became in the 1920s one of the leading advocates of modernism in Czechoslovakia. Among his most important works was the headquarters of the State Pensions Office in Prague (1929-33, with Karel Honzik), a complex consisting of a cruciform office tower of 14 and 9 storeys and attached wings with shops, apartments for the employees, etc. It is one of the most significant buildings of the 1930s in Europe. After working in various offices, including that of I. M. Pei, he established an independent practice in New York in 1965. Since 1964 he has been professor at the Cooper Union. International interest in H. is based not so much on his limited built work – which includes the Demlin House in Locust Valley, Long Island (i960), the Hommel Apartment in New York (1969) and the restoration of the Foundation Building of the Cooper Union (1975) – but rather much more on his theoretic-didactic engagement with architecture in which he strives to drive space and scale to their absolute limits. His experimental, abstract approach to spatial and formal conflicts made H., together with Eisenman, the leading theoretician in the New York Five. Hertzberger, Herman, b. Amsterdam 1932. Immediately after completing his studies at the Technical College in Delft in 1958, he established his own office in Amsterdam.

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