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National SocialistsAlready in Germany, in 1932, G. had begun experiments with standarized building elements for mass-produced housing, and he resumed these experiments during the war years 1943-5. While the earlier ideas were concerned with the use of copper-sheet cladding, these later developments employed timber panels based on a module – both horizontally and vertically – of 40 in. (ioi-6 cm). After experiments made in collaboration with Konrad Wachsmann on Long Island, N. Y., these houses were erected in considerable numbers in California. In 1945 G. went into partnership with several architects of the younger generation, forming a team of eight under the name of’The Architects Collaborative’ (TAC). In this enterprise he was the guide and leading spirit. That he was able to enter with enthusiasm into so large a group demonstrates his great belief in the value ot teamwork – something he had always felt to be necessary in modern building. The work ot the team includes the Graduate Center, Harvard University, Cambridge (1949-50), which consists of a group of seven dormitory blocks, all sited around the social centre. Much of G.’s activity in the last years of his life, from c. 1957 to 1969, was in West Berlin. In 1957 he built a handsome ten-storey apartment block as part of the Interbau Exhibition in the Hansa district. It has a concave balconied front facing south, with an open ground floor and free-standing piers – a work very much in the late modern idiom. In the 1960s the New Town of Britz-Buckow-Rudow was built to an overall urban plan formulated by G. The Bauhaus Archive in the Berlin Tiergarten was built long after G.’s death, in 1976-8. Originally planned for Darmstadt, it was adjusted to its new site by Alexander Cvijanovic. G.’s buildings arc distinguished by an adventurous use of modern materials – steel, concrete and glass – while he may be regarded as perhaps the principal innovator in the use of the glass screen in forming the entire outer shell of a building, thus admitting the maximum of light. Architecturally, his work is always distinguished by a classic restraint and excellence of proportion, of which the houses for the staff at the Bauhaus in Dessau are an example.
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